For example, “flam-” is a root word … Expand your vocabulary with prefixes, suffixes, and root words! Once you know the specific parts of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems a bit better, it’s time to put your medical terminology expertise into practice. The root is the base of the word; it is the element of the word around which it develops. Common Root Words and their Meanings. A word detective looks at all the clues to determine a word’s meaning. Worksheet. The table below lists 120 commonly used Greek and Latin root words, prefixes, and suffixes. COMMON WORD ROOTS, PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES In English grammar, many words can be broken into commonly shared components. "Latin is the most common source of English root words; Greek and Old English are the two other major sources. Some root words have become free morphemes and can be used as separate words, but others cannot. Collaborate - to work together; collision - smashing together; colloquial - words formed by everday interaction: com: together, common: Latin: commemorate - to memorize together; composition - an arrangement or putting together of parts; commune - living together while owning things in common: cogn/i: know: Latin Reading & Writing. Many words can be formed using the same root. Common Root Words and their Meanings. Common Root Words; References; Roots – A Tool to Enhance Vocabulary. When students know how to decode large words by identifying root words and affixes, they will be sufficiently prepared to tackle higher level texts. It becomes increasingly difficult to distinguish between inheritance from a common ancestor and borrowing from another group. "Some root words are whole words and others are word parts. One of the easiest ways to enhance vocabulary is to learn it through roots, prefixes and suffixes. GRE Root Words: the Strategy. Verbal Root words Arch- chief/important Archbishop - the highest ranking bishop Archenemy - chief or worst enemy - a female who rules a group - a king or queen Verbal Root words Am,ami- love amiable - friendly, pleasant, lovable amicable – characterized by friendliness amity - friendly and peaceful relations Learning these basic components will help you decipher unfamiliar vocabulary—learning only thirty key word components can help you decode over 10,000 words! This worksheet encourages students to work together to think of as many examples of common root words as they can. It also gives an example medical term for each. 4th grade. Here’s a list of cardio roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Root words (also called word roots) are smaller, more basic words or word parts that are modified by prefixes and suffixes to make more complex words. A few other common root words include “bio" meaning life, “auto” meaning self, “pro” meaning before or in favor of, and “tele” meaning distance. 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